Clearly no church establishments could be imposed on such a mixed population. The mid-Atlantic region, unlike either New England or the South, drew many of its initial settlers from European states that had been deeply disrupted by the Protestant Reformation and the religious wars that followed in its wake. Every colony founded in the western hemisphere before the mid-seventeenth century, except one, conformed to this pattern. Most of them lived in Charleston and spent but a few months of the year in the malarial regions in which the rice was produced. The great estates were situated along the river valleys. The other episode, in , involved Scotch-Irish Presbyterians in the western Pennsylvania town of Paxton.
Quaker and Jewish votes were disallowed on at least two occasions in closely contested New York elections. The moment we cross the Delaware into Pennsylvania we find a notable change in colonial society. New Netherland governor Peter Stuyvesant cleansed his colony of Lutherans and Quakers, and tried to do the same to Jews. This wisdom did not come easily. Hence a nation of tillers of the soil.
Everything…is movement; everything a becoming. For it was there that the most complex problems of American religious diversity, as well as measures to manage and moderate its extremes, were first confronted. But the "house of the seven gables" was not wanting in New England. Footnotes 1 Field's "Colonial Tavern," p.
It is true that the Germans and the Scotch-Irish could not get along well together, and they kept apart by settling in separate communities or in parallel bands across the colony, while the English predominated in Philadelphia and vicinity. He was often the chief man, next to the town clerk, in the town -- schoolmaster, leader of the singing in the church, member of the town council, land agent, surveyor, and the like. Presbyterian church established by a Scotch-Irish community G The Church of England in Early America. The chief industry was farming; the soil was rich and productive, and the river valleys were laden with waving fields of grain every year, while the broad meadows and mountain slopes were dotted with grazing herds. Philadelphia politicians tried to disenfranchise the Germans—whose churches had organized them into an effective political bloc—until they learned to speak English.